Threatened Species

The relocation and long term sustainability of the following endangered species through the provision of habitat and prey species, detailed monitoring and research, and anti-poaching training and implementation.


Cheetah are listed as a threatened species with an estimated population 7500 left in Africa and only 500 free-roaming in all of South Africa. They are put under continuous pressure through agriculture and human disturbance throughout Africa particularly in Southern Africa. Few areas in South Africa remain to support wild populations and even fewer exist which can support genetically viable populations. Gondwana Game Reserve is working to grow its current small population as the reserve has the geology, prey population, and habitat to partake in a sustainable breeding program that can actively contribute to the conservation of this species.

A growing Gondwana cheetah population will create the opportunity to participate in a much-needed genetic diversity program in the Western Cape and in turn contribute to the meta-population of South Africa.

Cheetah Management Plan


There are only 35 Cape Leopard estimated to be left in the garden route, likely from one gene pool. Cape Leopard are highly threatened due to their low densities, large home ranges and limited suitable habitat in the Cape. It has been recognized that there is a significant importance to improve the current lack of understanding of the conservation status of leopard. A highly specialized behavior and social structure make it difficult to undertake any sort of detailed research study. Gondwana Game Reserve´s attractive leopard habitat together with access to remote senses cameras makes this study possible. Gondwana provides a wonderful opportunity to facilitate a comprehensive understanding of the conservation status and the needs of leopard in Fynbos areas close to the Langeberg and Outeniqua mountains. See Gondwana’s stealth camera photos taken below capturing many African felines, but not yet the elusive Cape Leopard.

Leopard Programme Proposal

White Rhino

All rhino have come under extreme threat from poaching in the last two years due to an upsurge in demand of rhino horn in Asia. Gondwana is focusing on its anti-poaching efforts as well as continuing to source additional White Rhino for a viable breeding population.


Cape Mountain Zebra

Cape Mountain Zebra Baby

Estimated population worldwide: 2725

This species is endemic to South Africa and the Cape specifically.

Gondwana has a growing population in our protected area within the reserve, free of large predators.



Estimated population wordwide: 2500-3000

This species is endemic to South Africa and the Cape specifically

Gondwana has a growing population in our protected area within the reserve, free of large predators.

Black Harrier

Black Harrier Bird

Estimated population wordwide: <1000

This species is endemic to South Africa

Gondwana has several breeding pairs frequently seen

Past and Future Conservation Programmes:

Desert Black Rhino Conservation

Gondwana introduced the first Black Rhino (Diceros bicornis bicornis) into the Western Cape in the last 100 years.  We see them as a signature species not only for Gondwana Game Reserve but for the Western Cape as a whole with only 4000 estimated to be left in the wild. Black Rhino are endangered due to a variety of reasons and have not recovered in numbers equivalent to that of White Rhino. They require specific habitat for their highly specialized diet. Gondwana and its surrounding area provide suitable habitat for this species, thus offering opportunities to contribute to the conservation of this species. The challenges that lie ahead are securing the available land to increase the appropriate habitat within Gondwana´s boundaries and sourcing a viable Black Rhino population to add to the current individuals on Gondwana. The Foundation has committed to engage with interested parties to contribute to Black Rhino conservation and provide a meaningful population within South Africa´s meta-population.